Medicare is a nationwide health insurance program for individuals aged 65 and over and certain disabled individuals. The basic Medicare benefit package (termed “original Medicare” in this report) provides broad protection against the costs of many health care services. However, Medicare beneficiaries may still have significant additional costs, including copayments, coinsurance, deductibles, and the full […]

On December 8, 2003, the President signed the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003, P.L. 108-173. On November 22, 2003, the House of Representatives voted 220 to 215 to approve H.R. 1, the Medicare prescription drug and modernization conference agreement. The Senate voted 54 to 44 to approve the conference agreement on […]

The Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) was created in 1997 to give health insurance and preventive care to nearly 11 million, or 1 in 7, uninsured American children.  Many of these children came from uninsured working families that earned too much to be eligible for Medicaid. All 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the […]

The 2010 Affordable Care Act (ACA) brought the Health Insurance Marketplace, a single place where consumers can apply for and enroll in private health insurance plans.  It also made new ways for us to design and test how to pay for and deliver health care.  Medicare and Medicaid have also been better coordinated to make […]

There are five levels in the Medicare claims appeal process: Level 1: Your Health Plan. If you disagree with a Medicare coverage decision, you may request your health plan to redetermine your claim. Level 2: An Independent Organization. If you disagree with the decision in Level 1, you may request a reconsideration by an independent […]

For more programmatic information, please see reports published by the Congressional Research Service. CRS works exclusively for the United States Congress, providing policy and legal analysis to Committees and Members of both the House and Senate, regardless of party affiliation. Legislative History The following provides a brief legislative history for Medicare from the prior Green Book […]

Initial Enrollment Period If you are receiving Social Security or Railroad Retirement Benefits, then you will automatically get Medicare Part A starting the first day of the month you turn 65. You have the option of enrolling in Part B, with the Initial Enrollment Period beginning three months prior to the month when you turn […]

Medicare Part D was created as part of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003, with an effective date of January 1, 2006. It is designed to subsidize the cost of prescription drugs for Medicare beneficiaries in the United States. Medicare Part D was estabilshed as part of the Medicare Prescription Drug […]

Medicare Advantage replaced prior programs, alternatively called Medicare+Choice or Part C, which originated in the Balanced Budget Act of 1997. The Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003 altered those programs and renamed them as Medicare Advantage. Medicare Advantage Plans must cover all of the services that Original Medicare covers except hospice care […]

Medicare part B is voluntary. All persons over age 65 and all persons enrolled in part A may enroll in part B by paying a monthly premium. The 2022 monthly premium is $170.10 (0r higher depending on your income). Part B covers medically necessary doctor’s services, outpatient care, home health services (those not covered by […]

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